When the anticipated bands fail to emerge or are faint despite extended exposure times, the knee-jerk reaction might be to prolong exposure further. However, numerous factors contribute to this outcome, necessitating a thorough review of the entire Western blotting process.
Investigating Sample Related Issues
If the problem lies within the sample, the primary concern might be inadequate expression or low expression signal of the target protein. Consulting references like Uniprot and scientific literature prior to Western blotting can provide critical insights. Analyzing the expression samples, expression levels, and molecular weight of the target proteins becomes imperative.
Additionally, selecting the appropriate lysate based on the target protein’s localization is crucial. For instance, extracting nuclear proteins necessitates the use of a Nucleoprotein Extraction Kit, while mitochondrial proteins require isolating the mitochondria first.
Addressing Sample Degradation
Sample degradation during lysis is another issue. Ensuring freshness and maintaining low temperatures during extraction is essential. Adding protease inhibitors and phosphatase inhibitors for phosphorylated proteins becomes indispensable in preventing degradation.
The samples should be heated in loading buffer to aid in denaturation, following which they should be stored separately to avoid multiple freezing and thawing cycles.
Lysate Efficiency and Sample Quantities
Inadequate or inefficient lysate is another potential culprit. Choosing the appropriate lysate tailored to the target protein, such as selecting Nuclear Protein Extraction Kits for nuclear proteins, ensures maximum yield and enrichment.
Adequate time for cleavage and careful handling of cell and tissue samples during the cracking process are crucial to ensure complete protein release.
Optimizing Sample Amounts
Insufficient sample amounts can also lead to the absence of bands. Optimal sample quantities, typically 20-40μg for total proteins and 10-100ng for purified proteins, need to be loaded accurately.
In conclusion, troubleshooting Western blotting issues necessitates a meticulous examination of various factors ranging from sample preparation, lysate efficiency, degradation prevention, to optimal sample quantities. By addressing these potential pitfalls, researchers can navigate through the challenges and obtain clearer, more conclusive Western blot results.
Western blot troubleshooting-No bands or Faint bands
Wonderful! Share this Case:
This is What I Need, Contact
Make Your Western Blot Imaging Easier
We’re on the move. Our tech team is motivated to perfect our equipment and solve your problems, all the time.